What To Do With Someone Who Has Dementia In 2023?

what to do with someone who has dementia
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Understanding Dementia

Dementia is a group of symptoms associated with an ongoing decline of the brain and its abilities. It may include problems with thinking, remembering, language, and judgment. As dementia progresses, it can lead to profound changes in a person’s behavior. In 2023, it is estimated that over 47 million people worldwide will have dementia. It is also the sixth leading cause of death in the United States.

The most common form of dementia is Alzheimer’s disease. It accounts for 60 to 80 percent of all cases. Other types of dementia include vascular dementia, Lewy body dementia, frontotemporal dementia, and mixed dementia. Each type is associated with different symptoms, and each has a different rate of progression.

How to Communicate With Someone Who Has Dementia

When interacting with someone who has dementia, there are some key tips to keep in mind. It is important to understand that a person with dementia may have difficulty understanding or expressing themselves. Take your time and be patient. Speak slowly and use simple language. Avoid asking questions that require yes or no answers. Instead, ask open-ended questions to encourage a more meaningful conversation.

It is also important to maintain eye contact, use gestures, and speak in a calm and reassuring tone. Providing reassurance can help reduce anxiety and confusion. Try to be understanding and compassionate, and don’t be afraid to laugh or show emotion. It is also important to be aware of the person’s limitations and to accommodate them.

How to Provide Care and Support

Providing care and support to someone with dementia can be challenging. It is important to remember that everyone’s experience is unique and will require different strategies. Here are some tips for providing effective care and support:

  • Create a safe, comfortable environment.
  • Provide structure and routine.
  • Encourage physical activity.
  • Engage in meaningful activities.
  • Focus on abilities and strengths.
  • Encourage social interaction.
  • Be flexible and patient.

It is also important to educate yourself on the condition and the available resources. Many organizations and support groups offer information and resources to help those with dementia and their caregivers.

How to Manage Dementia-Related Behaviors

Behaviors associated with dementia can be difficult to manage. It is important to remember that these behaviors are often a result of a person’s confusion or frustration. Here are some tips for managing dementia-related behaviors:

  • Try to understand the cause of the behavior.
  • Identify triggers and avoid them when possible.
  • Remain calm and reassuring.
  • Redirect the person to a different activity.
  • Involve the person in meaningful activities.
  • Listen to the person and be understanding.
  • Encourage the person to express their feelings.

It is also important to seek professional help if the behavior is causing harm to the person or those around them. A doctor or therapist can provide advice on how to best manage the behavior.


Dementia is a complex condition with no cure, but there are effective strategies for providing care and support. It is important to understand the condition, be patient, and provide a safe and comforting environment. Engaging in meaningful activities and managing dementia-related behaviors can also make a big difference in a person’s quality of life.

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