Learn the Basics About Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic health condition that occurs when the body does not respond properly to insulin, or when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps the body process glucose, or sugar, from the foods we eat. When the body does not respond to insulin properly, the glucose accumulates in the bloodstream and causes an increase in blood sugar levels. This can lead to a range of health complications, including heart disease and stroke, kidney disease, vision problems, nerve damage, and even death.
Type 2 diabetes is much more common than type 1 diabetes. It is estimated that around 90 percent of all people with diabetes have type 2. It is most common in people over the age of 45, but it can occur at any age. It is more common in people who are overweight, have high blood pressure, or have a family history of the condition.
Get the Proper Diagnosis
When it comes to being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, it is important to get a proper diagnosis from your doctor. Your doctor will likely conduct a physical examination, along with blood tests to check your blood sugar levels. If your blood sugar levels are high, your doctor may recommend a series of additional tests to confirm the diagnosis.
Once your doctor has confirmed that you have type 2 diabetes, they will likely recommend lifestyle changes, such as eating healthier, exercising regularly, and avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol use. These lifestyle changes can help control your blood sugar levels and reduce your risk of developing long-term complications.
Work with Your Health Care Team
Once you have been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, it is important to work with your health care team to develop an effective treatment plan. Your health care team will likely include your doctor, a dietitian, and a diabetes educator. Together, they will help you understand your condition and develop a plan to manage it.
Your doctor will likely prescribe medications to help you control your blood sugar levels. Your dietitian can help you create a meal plan that is tailored to your needs. Your diabetes educator can help you understand how to monitor your blood sugar levels and how to adjust your medications and diet as needed.
Monitor Your Health Regularly
In order to manage your type 2 diabetes, it is important to monitor your health regularly. This includes regularly checking your blood sugar levels and taking any prescribed medications. It is also important to attend regular doctor appointments, as well as any recommended follow-up visits with your health care team.
It is also important to take steps to reduce your risk of developing long-term health complications associated with type 2 diabetes. This includes eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, maintaining a healthy weight, and avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol use.
Finally, it is important to stay positive when managing type 2 diabetes. This can be difficult, especially in the beginning, but it is important to remember that with proper management, you can live a full and healthy life. It is also important to remember that you are not alone and there are many resources available to help you manage your condition.
Having type 2 diabetes can be overwhelming, but with the right support and the right management plan, you can live a full and healthy life. It is important to stay positive and be proactive in managing your condition. Staying informed and working with your health care team can help you feel more in control and help you live a long and healthy life.