Diabetes blurred vision is a common symptom of diabetes mellitus, a metabolic disorder affecting how your body uses energy. The disease damages the blood vessels and nerves in your eyes, leading to blurred vision. In some cases, it can even lead to partial or complete blindness. It is important to understand what diabetes blurred vision looks like so you can treat it early and prevent permanent vision loss.
Causes and Types of Diabetes Blurred Vision
Diabetes blurred vision is caused by high blood sugar levels, which can lead to increased pressure in the eye. This pressure can cause damage to the tiny blood vessels in the retina, leading to swelling, leakage, and scarring. These changes can cause blurred vision and even vision loss. Diabetes can also cause damage to the optic nerve, the nerve that sends signals from the eye to the brain, leading to vision loss.
There are two types of diabetes blurred vision: refractive and non-refractive. Refractive blurred vision is caused by changes in the shape of the eye and is usually treated with glasses or contact lenses. Non-refractive blurred vision is caused by changes in the lens of the eye and is usually treated with laser surgery. In some cases, both types of diabetes blurred vision can occur.
Symptoms of Diabetes Blurred Vision
Diabetes blurred vision can occur suddenly or gradually. Some of the common symptoms of this condition include: difficulty focusing on objects, double vision, clouded or blurred vision, poor night vision, and loss of peripheral vision. If you notice any of these symptoms, it is important to see an eye doctor immediately to determine the cause and begin treatment.
Diagnosing Diabetes Blurred Vision
If you are experiencing blurred vision, your doctor will likely perform a comprehensive eye exam to determine the cause. This exam usually includes a visual acuity test, which measures your ability to see clearly at different distances. Your doctor may also use a slit lamp to examine the inside of the eye, and may use a special dye to examine the blood vessels in the retina. Your doctor may also order an imaging test such as an ultrasound or CT scan to look for signs of damage.
Treating Diabetes Blurred Vision
Once your doctor has diagnosed the cause of your diabetes blurred vision, he or she will determine the best treatment plan for you. Treatment may include glasses or contact lenses, laser surgery, or medications. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair damaged blood vessels or the optic nerve. Your doctor may also recommend lifestyle changes such as a healthy diet and regular exercise to help keep your blood sugar levels under control.
Preventing Diabetes Blurred Vision
The best way to prevent diabetes blurred vision is to keep your blood sugar levels under control. This can be done by eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and taking medications as prescribed by your doctor. It is also important to have regular eye exams, even if you don’t have any symptoms, to make sure your eyes are healthy.
Diabetes blurred vision is a common symptom of diabetes and can lead to vision loss if it is not treated properly. It is important to understand the symptoms and causes of this condition so you can seek treatment and prevent permanent vision loss. By keeping your blood sugar levels under control and having regular eye exams, you can help prevent diabetes blurred vision.