What Causes Gestational Diabetes During Pregnancy

what cause gestational diabetes during pregnancy
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What is Gestational Diabetes?

Gestational diabetes is a form of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy and usually goes away after the baby is born. It is a condition in which a woman’s body is unable to properly process glucose, or sugar, during her pregnancy. This can be caused by a number of factors, including hormone levels, diet, and genetics. While gestational diabetes can be dangerous, it is usually treatable. With the right lifestyle changes, a woman can still have a healthy pregnancy and delivery.

Risk Factors

There are several factors that can increase a woman’s risk of developing gestational diabetes. Women who are overweight or obese before becoming pregnant are more likely to get gestational diabetes. Additionally, women with a family history of diabetes, or those with a history of gestational diabetes in a previous pregnancy, are at an increased risk. Women over the age of 25 are more likely to develop gestational diabetes than younger women.


Gestational diabetes does not always have obvious symptoms, and women may not realize they have it until it is diagnosed. If a woman does experience symptoms, they may include excessive thirst, frequent urination, fatigue, blurred vision, and nausea. If a woman experiences any of these symptoms, she should speak to her doctor. It is important to diagnose gestational diabetes as soon as possible in order to get the proper treatment.

Tests and Diagnosis

Gestational diabetes is usually diagnosed through a glucose tolerance test. This test involves drinking a sugary beverage and having the woman’s blood sugar levels monitored over a period of time. If the test results show that the woman has gestational diabetes, she may need to undergo further tests to determine the severity of the condition. Additionally, her doctor may recommend lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise that can help to control her blood sugar levels.


The most common way to treat gestational diabetes is through diet and exercise. A woman’s doctor may recommend a diet that is low in carbohydrates and high in fiber. Additionally, regular exercise can help the body to better process glucose and can help to keep the mother’s blood sugar levels in check. If diet and exercise are not enough to control the woman’s blood sugar levels, her doctor may prescribe medication to help keep her levels in the safe range.


When left untreated, gestational diabetes can lead to serious health complications for both the mother and baby. Women with gestational diabetes are at an increased risk of developing preeclampsia, a condition in which the mother’s blood pressure becomes dangerously high. Additionally, babies born to mothers with gestational diabetes are at an increased risk of being born prematurely, having a low birth weight, or developing jaundice. It is important for women to get tested for gestational diabetes and to seek treatment if necessary.


The best way to prevent gestational diabetes is to maintain a healthy weight before becoming pregnant. Women should eat a balanced diet and get regular exercise. Additionally, women should avoid eating sugary or processed foods and limit their intake of caffeine and alcohol. Finally, women should speak to their doctor if they have any family history of diabetes or if they have experienced gestational diabetes in a previous pregnancy.


Gestational diabetes is a condition that can occur during pregnancy and can cause serious health complications for both the mother and baby. While it is a serious condition, it is usually treatable with the right lifestyle changes. Women should speak to their doctor if they have any risk factors for gestational diabetes or if they experience any of the symptoms. By taking the necessary precautions, women can reduce their risk of developing gestational diabetes and have a healthy pregnancy.

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