What Can Anxiety Cause?

what can anxiety cause
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What is Anxiety?

Anxiety is an emotion characterized by feelings of tension, worried thoughts, and physical changes like increased blood pressure. People with anxiety disorders usually have recurring intrusive thoughts or concerns. They may avoid certain situations out of worry. They may also have physical symptoms such as sweating, trembling, dizziness, or a rapid heartbeat. While anxiety is a normal reaction to stress, it can become a disabling condition when it’s chronic and unmanaged.

Types of Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety disorders are the most common mental health disorders in the United States. Common types of anxiety disorders include generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, and specific phobias. Symptoms of anxiety disorders can range from mild to severe, and can interfere with daily activities such as job performance, school work, and relationships.

Physical Symptoms of Anxiety

Anxiety can cause a range of physical symptoms, including nausea, headaches, and muscle tension. It can also lead to rapid breathing, a rapid heart rate, sweating, and trembling. People with anxiety may also feel tired and have difficulty concentrating. In some cases, anxiety can lead to digestive problems, such as irritable bowel syndrome.

Cognitive Symptoms of Anxiety

Cognitive symptoms of anxiety include worrying, intrusive thoughts, and difficulty concentrating. People with anxiety may also have difficulty sleeping and may feel edgy or jumpy. They may also experience racing thoughts, which can make it difficult to relax or focus on tasks. Other cognitive symptoms of anxiety include perfectionism, difficulty making decisions, and difficulty controlling thoughts.

Emotional Symptoms of Anxiety

Emotional symptoms of anxiety include fear, apprehension, and uneasiness. People with anxiety may also feel overwhelmed, helpless, or out of control. They may experience feelings of dread or panic, and may have difficulty managing stress. Other emotional symptoms of anxiety include irritability, restlessness, and mood swings.

Behavioral Symptoms of Anxiety

Behavioral symptoms of anxiety include avoiding situations that trigger anxiety, engaging in safety behaviors, and difficulty managing emotions. People with anxiety may also have difficulty relaxing or engaging in activities that used to be enjoyable. Other behavioral symptoms of anxiety include restlessness, pacing, and fidgeting.

How Anxiety Affects the Body

Anxiety can have a significant impact on physical health. It can cause digestive problems, difficulty sleeping, headaches, and muscle tension. It can also lead to a weakened immune system, increased blood pressure, and increased risk of heart disease. In some cases, anxiety can even lead to panic attacks, which can be debilitating.

Treating Anxiety

Treating anxiety is important for both physical and mental health. A combination of lifestyle changes, therapy, and medication can help manage anxiety. Lifestyle changes such as exercise, relaxation techniques, and a healthy diet can help reduce anxiety symptoms. Cognitive behavioral therapy can help people identify and change negative thought patterns associated with anxiety. Medication can also be used to treat anxiety, including antidepressants, anti-anxiety medications, and beta blockers.


Anxiety is a normal emotion that can become a disabling condition when it’s severe and unmanaged. It can cause physical, cognitive, emotional, and behavioral symptoms. If left untreated, anxiety can have a significant impact on physical health. Fortunately, anxiety is treatable with lifestyle changes, therapy, and medication. If you are struggling with anxiety, be sure to talk to your doctor or a mental health professional.

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