What Are The 6 Types Of Anxiety Disorders?

what are the 6 types of anxiety disorders
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An Overview

Anxiety disorders are one of the most common mental health conditions in the United States. An estimated 40 million adults in the U.S. are affected by anxiety, and it’s estimated that one in five people will experience an anxiety disorder in their lifetime. So it’s important to know the different types of anxiety disorders and what they mean. The six major types of anxiety disorders are generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, social anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and specific phobias.

Generalized Anxiety Disorder

Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is characterized by excessive worry and fear about everyday situations. People with GAD may worry about their health, family, or work and can also become easily distracted or overwhelmed. The disorder can interfere with daily activities, such as work, school, and relationships. People with GAD may also experience physical symptoms such as sweating, trembling, and difficulty sleeping.

Panic Disorder

Panic disorder is characterized by recurrent panic attacks, which are sudden and intense episodes of fear and anxiety. During a panic attack, people may experience physical symptoms such as sweating, trembling, palpitations, and difficulty breathing. Panic attacks can be triggered by certain situations or can occur without any warning. People with panic disorder may also experience anticipatory anxiety, which is fear and anxiety about having another panic attack.

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a type of anxiety disorder that can occur after a person has been through a traumatic event. People with PTSD may experience flashbacks, nightmares, and intense fear when exposed to situations that remind them of their trauma. They may also feel emotionally numb and have difficulty sleeping or concentrating. People with PTSD may also experience physical symptoms such as increased heart rate and difficulty breathing.

Social Anxiety Disorder

Social anxiety disorder is characterized by intense fear and anxiety about being judged or rejected by others. People with social anxiety disorder may experience physical symptoms such as sweating, blushing, trembling, and difficulty speaking when they are around other people. They may also have difficulty making and maintaining eye contact and may avoid social situations altogether.

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is characterized by recurring, unwanted thoughts and behaviors that a person feels compelled to repeat. People with OCD may have obsessive thoughts about cleanliness or fear of germs, and may feel the need to repeatedly wash their hands or check things. They may also have compulsive behaviors such as hoarding or counting. People with OCD may also experience physical symptoms such as headaches, muscle tension, and difficulty sleeping.

Specific Phobias

Specific phobias are intense fears of specific objects or situations, such as heights, snakes, or flying. People with specific phobias may have physical symptoms such as shaking, sweating, and difficulty breathing when they are exposed to the object or situation they fear. They may also avoid situations that may trigger their fear or may experience extreme anxiety when faced with the feared object or situation.


Anxiety disorders are common and can affect people of all ages. It’s important to know the different types of anxiety disorders and how they can affect a person’s life. If you or someone you know is experiencing anxiety, it’s important to seek help from a mental health professional. With the right treatment, it is possible to manage and reduce symptoms of anxiety.

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