What Is Dementia And How Can You Help Someone Who Has It?

how to help someone who has dementia
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Dementia is a broad term used to describe a variety of diseases that affect the brain. It is characterized by a decline in cognitive function and memory. It can be caused by a variety of conditions, including Alzheimer’s disease, Lewy Body dementia, vascular dementia, and frontotemporal dementia. It can also be caused by certain medications, or by brain trauma or stroke. Unfortunately, dementia is an incurable illness and can have a devastating effect on the life of the affected person and their family.

It can be difficult to know how to help someone with dementia. Everyone’s experience with the disease is different, and there is no one-size-fits-all solution. However, there are some general guidelines that can help you provide support to someone with the condition.

Understand the Condition and its Effects

The first step to helping someone with dementia is to understand the condition and its effects. Dementia can affect people in different ways, so it’s important to familiarize yourself with the various symptoms and behaviors associated with the condition. This will give you an idea of what to expect, and what kind of help and support your loved one may need.

It’s also important to remember that dementia can cause people to act in ways that may be out of character for them. Symptoms like aggression, anxiety, and confusion can all be part of the condition. It’s important to be patient and understanding, and to remember that these behaviors are a result of the disease, not the person.

Provide Emotional and Practical Support

It can be difficult for family and friends to watch a loved one with dementia struggle with the various symptoms of the condition. It is important to provide emotional support and to be understanding and patient. Listen to your loved one, and provide reassurance and comfort when they are feeling low. It can also be helpful to talk to other family members and friends, or to join a support group. This can help you to feel less alone, and to learn more about the condition and how to best care for your loved one.

In addition to emotional support, it’s important to provide practical assistance. This can include helping with daily tasks, such as meal preparation, organizing medications, and managing finances. It can also include helping with activities of daily living, such as dressing, bathing, and eating. If necessary, you can also look into professional home care services to provide assistance.

Create a Safe Environment

Safety is a major concern for people with dementia. It’s important to create a safe and secure environment for them to live in. This can include installing locks on doors and windows, removing trip hazards, and providing night lights. It can also help to label items in the home to help the person with dementia remember where things are located.

It is also important to create a schedule and routine for the person with dementia. This helps to reduce confusion and anxiety. It can also help to reduce the risk of wandering, which is a common problem for people with dementia. If the person does wander, it’s important to have an action plan in place for how to respond.

Encourage Socialization

Socialization is important for people with dementia. It helps to keep the person engaged and connected with the world. Encourage them to attend social events and activities with family and friends. If they are no longer able to attend such events, consider setting up regular visits or video calls with loved ones. You can also look into local dementia support groups or day programs.

It’s also important to remember that dementia can cause people to forget things, or to become confused. It’s important to be patient and understanding, and to provide reassurance and support when needed. It can also be helpful to set up reminders, or to keep a calendar or journal of activities.

Find Ways to Stimulate the Brain

People with dementia can benefit from activities that stimulate the brain. This can include things like reading, writing, puzzles, music, and art. It can also include physical activities, such as walking, swimming, or dancing. If possible, try to encourage the person to engage in these activities regularly.

It can also be helpful to provide tactile stimulation. This can include things like massage, sensory boxes, and tactile activities. These activities can help to reduce stress and anxiety, and to keep the person engaged and interested.

Take Care of Yourself

Caring for someone with dementia can be emotionally and physically draining. It’s important to take care of yourself, too. Make time for yourself to relax and unwind, and to do things that you enjoy. It’s also important to stay connected with friends and family, and to ask for help when you need it. Taking care of yourself will help to ensure that you are able to provide the best possible care to your loved one.

Get Professional Help

Caring for someone with dementia can be challenging, and it’s important to get professional help if needed. Your doctor can provide advice and resources, and can refer you to specialists. There are also a variety of support services available, such as home care agencies and dementia support groups. These services can provide invaluable assistance in helping you to care for your loved one.


Caring for someone with dementia can be difficult, but it is possible to provide support and assistance. It’s important to understand the condition, to provide emotional and practical support, and to create a safe environment. It’s also important to find ways to stimulate the brain, to encourage socialization, and to take care of yourself. If necessary, it’s also important to get professional help. With the right support, you can help your loved one to live a comfortable and meaningful life.

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