Understand Diabetes Type 2
Diabetes type 2, also known as non-insulin dependent diabetes, is a chronic condition that affects the way your body metabolizes sugar. It occurs when your body is unable to properly use and store glucose (sugar) for energy. Glucose is the fuel that powers your body’s cells and is obtained from the food you eat. When there is too much glucose in your bloodstream, it can cause a number of health problems. Diabetes type 2 is a progressive condition, meaning it can get worse over time. It is estimated that more than 30 million Americans have diabetes type 2.
Diagnosing Diabetes Type 2
Diabetes type 2 is usually diagnosed with a blood test to measure your blood sugar levels. The test will measure your fasting blood glucose, which is the amount of glucose in your blood after you have been fasting for 8 hours. If the test results are higher than normal, you may be diagnosed with diabetes type 2. Your doctor may also order an A1C test, which looks at your average blood sugar levels over the past 3 months.
Treating Diabetes Type 2
The goal of treating diabetes type 2 is to reduce your blood sugar levels to a normal range and keep them there. Your doctor will likely recommend lifestyle changes, such as diet and exercise, to help you reach this goal. Eating a healthy, balanced diet and getting regular exercise can help you better manage your blood sugar levels. Your doctor may also prescribe medications to help you manage your diabetes type 2.
Managing Diabetes Type 2
In addition to lifestyle changes, there are several other ways to manage diabetes type 2. You should monitor your blood sugar levels regularly, usually with a glucose meter. This device measures the amount of glucose in your bloodstream and can help you keep track of how well your treatment plan is working. You should also make sure to take any medications your doctor has prescribed as directed.
Diet and Exercise
Making healthy food choices and getting regular physical activity are important for managing diabetes type 2. Eating a balanced diet that is low in fat and high in fiber can help you better control your blood sugar levels. Eating smaller meals throughout the day can also help. Regular physical activity can help you lose weight, which can help you better manage your diabetes type 2.
Managing stress can also help you better manage your diabetes type 2. Stress can cause your blood sugar levels to rise, so it is important to find ways to reduce stress. Exercise, meditation, and other relaxing activities can help you manage stress. Talking to a counselor or therapist can also help you better cope with stress.
Monitor Blood Sugar Levels
It is important to monitor your blood sugar levels regularly. Checking your blood sugar levels can help you adjust your treatment plan if your levels are too high or too low. Your doctor will likely recommend you check your blood sugar levels at least twice a day.
Living with diabetes type 2 can be difficult. It is important to seek support from family, friends, and other people with diabetes. Joining a support group or attending diabetes education classes can help you better understand the condition and how to manage it.
Diabetes type 2 is a chronic condition that affects the way your body metabolizes sugar. It is important to understand the condition and make lifestyle changes to help manage it. Eating a healthy, balanced diet and getting regular exercise can help you better control your blood sugar levels. Monitoring your blood sugar levels regularly and seeking support from family and friends can also help you better manage your diabetes type 2.