Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects millions of people around the world. It often leads to a multitude of complications, including those that affect the kidneys. Diabetes that is uncontrolled can cause a number of problems for the kidneys, including damage to the tissue, infection, and even kidney failure.
The Role of the Kidneys
The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs, located on either side of the spine just below the rib cage. They play an important role in filtering out waste and toxins from the body, as well as regulating the balance of water and electrolytes. The kidneys also produce hormones that help regulate blood pressure and the production of red blood cells.
Diabetes and the Kidneys
When diabetes is uncontrolled, it can lead to a number of complications, including those that affect the kidneys. Uncontrolled diabetes can cause damage to the blood vessels in the kidneys, which can lead to a decrease in the filtering ability of the kidneys. In addition, the high levels of sugar in the blood can cause damage to the tiny filters in the kidneys, which can lead to further kidney damage.
How Uncontrolled Diabetes Affects the Kidneys
When diabetes is uncontrolled, the kidneys may start to struggle to do their job properly. The high levels of sugar in the blood can cause damage to the delicate filters in the kidneys, which can lead to a decrease in the filtering ability of the kidneys. In addition, the high levels of sugar can cause too much pressure in the kidney vessels and lead to damage to the tissue. Over time, this can cause inflammation, infection, and even kidney failure.
Signs and Symptoms of Uncontrolled Diabetes
Those with uncontrolled diabetes may experience a number of symptoms, including fatigue, increased thirst, frequent urination, weight loss, blurry vision, and slow healing wounds or sores. If any of these symptoms are present, it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible to ensure that the diabetes is under control.
Treatment for Uncontrolled Diabetes
Treating uncontrolled diabetes involves controlling the blood sugar levels and monitoring them regularly. This can be done with proper diet, exercise, and if necessary, medications. It is also important to monitor kidney function and any potential damage to the kidneys. In some cases, dialysis may be necessary to help filter the blood.
Preventing Uncontrolled Diabetes
The best way to prevent uncontrolled diabetes is to maintain a healthy lifestyle. This includes eating a balanced diet, exercising regularly, and maintaining a healthy weight. It is also important to monitor blood sugar levels regularly and seek medical attention if levels become too high.
Uncontrolled diabetes can have a significant effect on the kidneys. It can lead to damage to the blood vessels, tissue, and filters in the kidneys, as well as infection and even kidney failure. It is important to seek medical attention if any symptoms of uncontrolled diabetes are present, and to follow a healthy lifestyle to help prevent it. By taking the necessary steps, it is possible to keep diabetes under control and reduce the risk of complications.