What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic medical condition that occurs when the body can’t properly produce or use insulin, a hormone that helps the body turn food into energy. People with diabetes must carefully monitor and manage their blood sugar levels, which can be done through medication, lifestyle changes, and regular doctor’s visits. While there is no cure for diabetes, medicines can help people control their blood sugar levels.
Types of Diabetes Medicines
There are several types of medications available to treat diabetes, including:
- Oral medications
- Injectable medications
- Combination medications
Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that helps the body turn food into energy. People with type 1 diabetes and some people with type 2 diabetes must take insulin to control their blood sugar levels. Insulin is available in several forms, including short-acting, rapid-acting, intermediate-acting, and long-acting.
Oral medications are medications that are taken by mouth to help control blood sugar levels. These medications are often used in combination with insulin. Oral medications can be used to treat both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Examples of oral medications include metformin, sulfonylureas, thiazolidinediones, dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors, and glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists.
Injectable medications are medications that are injected into the body to help control blood sugar levels. These medications are often used in combination with insulin or oral medications. Injectable medications can be used to treat both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Examples of injectable medications include glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists, incretin mimetics, and amylin analogs.
Combination medications are medications that contain more than one type of medication in one pill. These medications are used to treat both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Examples of combination medications include metformin/glipizide, metformin/rosiglitazone, and metformin/sitagliptin.
How Do Diabetes Medicines Work?
Diabetes medicines work by helping the body to better control blood sugar levels. Insulin helps the body turn food into energy, while oral and injectable medications help the body to better use the insulin it produces. Combination medications help to control blood sugar levels by providing multiple medications in one pill.
Side Effects of Diabetes Medicines
Like all medications, diabetes medicines can have side effects. Common side effects of diabetes medicines include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headaches, dizziness, and low blood sugar. It is important to talk to your doctor about any side effects you may experience while taking diabetes medicines.
Diabetes medicines can help people with diabetes to better control their blood sugar levels. There are several types of diabetes medicines, including insulin, oral medications, injectable medications, and combination medications. It is important to talk to your doctor about any side effects you may experience while taking diabetes medicines. With the right treatment plan, people with diabetes can lead full and healthy lives.