Millions of people around the world suffer from migraine headaches. They can be debilitating, causing nausea, intense pain, and sensitivity to light and sound. In some cases, a migraine attack can also cause vertigo. So, does migraine cause vertigo? The answer is yes—migraine can lead to vertigo.
What is Vertigo?
Vertigo is a type of dizziness that makes you feel as if you, or your surroundings, are spinning or moving. It’s a condition that can make it hard to keep your balance and can cause nausea and vomiting. Vertigo is not a life-threatening condition, but it can be extremely uncomfortable and even dangerous if it affects your ability to do everyday activities like walking or driving.
What Causes Vertigo?
Vertigo can be caused by many different things, including inner ear infections, head injuries, and certain medications. But, in some cases, it is caused by a migraine attack. This type of vertigo is called migraine-associated vertigo (MAV). MAV can last anywhere from a few seconds to several days.
How Does Migraine Cause Vertigo?
When a migraine attack occurs, there is a change in the balance of chemicals in the brain. This chemical imbalance can cause the brain to send signals to the inner ear that it perceives as movement. As a result, the person experiences a spinning sensation and dizziness.
What Are the Symptoms of MAV?
The symptoms of MAV can vary from person to person, but they typically include dizziness, lightheadedness, nausea, and a loss of balance. The dizziness can be accompanied by a sense of motion, a feeling of spinning, or a sensation of falling. People may also experience sensitivity to light and sound, as well as ringing in their ears.
How Is MAV Treated?
MAV can be treated with medications to reduce the symptoms of dizziness and nausea. These medications include antihistamines, anticholinergics, and antiemetics. In some cases, physical therapy may be recommended to help improve balance. Additionally, lifestyle changes such as avoiding triggers, getting adequate rest, and eating a healthy diet can help reduce the frequency and severity of migraine attacks and reduce the risk of MAV.
What Are the Risks of MAV?
MAV is not usually a serious condition, but it can be dangerous if it affects a person’s ability to do everyday activities like walking or driving. Additionally, if MAV is not treated properly, it can lead to long-term balance problems. For this reason, it is important to see a doctor if you experience any of the symptoms of MAV.
Migraine headaches can cause a type of vertigo called migraine-associated vertigo. The symptoms of MAV can vary from person to person, but they typically include dizziness, lightheadedness, nausea, and a loss of balance. MAV can be treated with medications and lifestyle changes. Additionally, it is important to see a doctor if you experience any of the symptoms of MAV to ensure proper treatment and reduce the risk of long-term balance problems.