What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic health condition in which your body can’t properly use glucose, a type of sugar, as an energy source. Diabetes is classified into three main types, type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder which is caused when the body’s immune system attacks the beta cells in the pancreas that are responsible for producing insulin. Type 2 diabetes occurs when either the body does not produce enough insulin or when the body’s cells become resistant to the insulin produced. Gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy as a result of hormonal changes, and usually resolves after the baby is born.
What are the Symptoms of Diabetes?
The symptoms of diabetes vary depending on the type of diabetes and the severity of the condition. In general, the symptoms may include excessive thirst, frequent urination, fatigue, weight loss, blurred vision, frequent infections, slow healing wounds, tingling or numbness in the hands or feet, and unexplained hunger. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is important to seek medical advice.
Do You Have Diabetes Quiz
If you are concerned that you may have diabetes, it is important to speak to your doctor. However, in the meantime, you can take this self-assessment quiz to get an idea of your risk of developing diabetes.
1. Do you have a family history of diabetes?
2. Are you overweight or obese?
3. Are you over the age of 45?
4. Do you have high blood pressure?
5. Do you have low HDL cholesterol and/or high triglycerides?
6. Do you have a sedentary lifestyle?
7. Do you have polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)?
8. Do you have gestational diabetes?
9. Do you have prediabetes?
10. Do you have a history of heart disease or stroke?
If you answered “yes” to one or more of the questions, then you may be at an increased risk of developing diabetes. It is important to speak to your doctor to discuss your risk and get tested to confirm a diagnosis.
Diagnosis of Diabetes
If your doctor suspects that you may have diabetes, they will order a blood test to measure your blood sugar levels. The blood test results will help to confirm or rule out a diagnosis of diabetes. If you are diagnosed with diabetes, your doctor will discuss your treatment options with you. Treatment for diabetes typically includes lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise, blood sugar monitoring, and medication.
Living with Diabetes
Living with diabetes can be challenging, but there are many resources available to help you manage your condition. For example, there are numerous support groups available to help you make lifestyle changes, such as diet and exercise, as well as to provide emotional support. Additionally, there are many diabetes education programs available to help you understand your condition and how to manage it. Lastly, there are many apps and websites available to help you track your blood sugar levels, monitor your diet, and find diabetes-friendly recipes.
If you are concerned that you may have diabetes, it is important to speak to your doctor and get tested. If you are diagnosed with diabetes, it is important to make lifestyle changes and follow your doctor’s treatment plan to manage the condition. Additionally, there are many resources available to help you manage your condition, such as diabetes support groups and education programs, as well as apps and websites.