What is Vertigo?
Vertigo is a feeling of dizziness that can make you feel like you or the environment around you is moving or spinning. It is a very common condition that affects up to 40% of people at some point in their lives. Vertigo can have a variety of causes, including inner ear disorders, stroke, multiple sclerosis, and migraines.
What is Migraine?
Migraine is a neurological disorder characterized by recurrent headaches of varying intensity, accompanied by nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light and sound, and sometimes visual disturbances. It is estimated that up to 12% of people worldwide suffer from migraines. Some people who suffer from migraines may also experience vertigo.
Can Migraine Cause Vertigo?
Yes, migraine can cause vertigo. It is estimated that up to 20% of people with migraines experience vertigo as a symptom. This is known as migraine-associated vertigo (MAV) or migrainous vertigo. MAV is more common among those who suffer from migraine with aura, a type of migraine that is accompanied by visual disturbances.
What Are the Symptoms of MAV?
The symptoms of MAV are similar to those of other types of vertigo, but they tend to be more severe and longer-lasting. Symptoms include dizziness, a spinning sensation, nausea, vomiting, and difficulty walking. These symptoms can last for days or even weeks at a time.
How Is MAV Diagnosed?
MAV is typically diagnosed through a combination of physical examination and imaging tests, such as an MRI or CT scan. Your doctor may also ask you to keep a diary of your symptoms in order to identify any patterns. Once MAV is diagnosed, your doctor will be able to create a treatment plan that is right for you.
What Are the Treatment Options for MAV?
The treatment for MAV depends on the severity of your symptoms and the underlying cause. Treatment options for MAV include medications to reduce the frequency and intensity of migraines, medications to reduce the symptoms of vertigo, and lifestyle changes such as stress reduction and avoiding triggers that can cause migraines. In some cases, physical therapy may also be recommended.
Can MAV Be Prevented?
MAV cannot be prevented, but you can reduce your risk of experiencing it by avoiding triggers that can cause migraines, such as certain foods, stress, and bright lights. It is also important to get regular physical activity and get adequate rest in order to reduce your risk of experiencing vertigo.
Migraine-associated vertigo (MAV) is a common symptom of migraine that affects up to 20% of people with the condition. It is characterized by dizziness, a spinning sensation, nausea, vomiting, and difficulty walking. MAV is typically diagnosed through a combination of physical examination and imaging tests, and treatment options include medications to reduce the frequency and intensity of migraines, medications to reduce the symptoms of vertigo, and lifestyle changes. Although MAV cannot be prevented, you can reduce your risk of experiencing it by avoiding triggers that can cause migraines and getting regular physical activity and rest.