In 2023, Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is still one of the leading causes of death globally. According to the World Health Organisation, CKD is the ninth leading cause of death in the world. It is estimated that more than 10% of the global population is living with some form of CKD.
Diabetes is one of the primary risk factors for CKD. Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects the body’s ability to process sugar. It is caused by the inability of the body to produce or use insulin, a hormone that helps the body to process sugar. Uncontrolled diabetes can lead to an increase in blood sugar levels, which can damage the kidneys and lead to CKD.
What is Chronic Kidney Disease?
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a condition in which the kidneys are not able to filter waste from the blood as efficiently as they should. This causes a buildup of waste in the body, which can lead to a range of health problems, including high blood pressure, anemia, and kidney failure. CKD can be caused by a variety of factors, including diabetes, high blood pressure, and certain medications.
What are the Symptoms of CKD?
The symptoms of CKD vary depending on the stage of the disease. In the early stages, patients may not experience any symptoms. As the disease progresses, symptoms may include fatigue, swelling in the hands and feet, loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, and difficulty urinating. In the later stages, patients may experience more serious symptoms, such as confusion, difficulty breathing, and fluid buildup in the body.
How is CKD Diagnosed?
CKD is usually diagnosed through a physical exam and blood tests. A doctor may also order an imaging test, such as an ultrasound or CT scan, to check for signs of kidney damage. If CKD is suspected, the doctor may recommend a kidney biopsy to confirm the diagnosis.
How is CKD Treated?
CKD is treated with lifestyle changes, such as diet and exercise, and medications. In some cases, dialysis or a kidney transplant may be necessary. Lifestyle changes are important for managing CKD, as they can help slow the progression of the disease and reduce the risk of complications.
Can Diabetes Cause CKD?
Uncontrolled diabetes can lead to an increase in blood sugar levels, which can damage the kidneys and lead to CKD. When diabetes is managed properly with diet, exercise, and medication, the risk of CKD is significantly reduced. It is important to visit your doctor regularly to monitor your diabetes and ensure your blood sugar levels remain under control.
What Can I Do to Reduce My Risk of CKD?
There are a number of steps you can take to reduce your risk of CKD, such as maintaining a healthy weight, eating a balanced diet, exercising regularly, and quitting smoking. It is also important to visit your doctor regularly for check-ups and to monitor your blood sugar levels.
Chronic Kidney Disease is a serious condition that can have a significant impact on your health. Diabetes is one of the primary risk factors for CKD, and it is important to manage your diabetes properly to reduce your risk. Make sure to visit your doctor regularly to ensure your diabetes is under control and to monitor your risk of CKD.